What is Osteoporosis?
Osteoporosisis the formation of pores in bones. Osteo = Bone, porosis = formation of pores, I.e. porous bone.
It is a disease that gradually weakens bones, causing them to become brittle and prone to fractures even with slight physical stress.
What are the symptoms of Osteoporosis?
Usually people who have Osteoporosishave no symptoms until their bones become so weak that they break with minor movements such as bending over, lifting, jumping or turning sideways.
In the advance stages of disease, pain disfigurement are common. Once the disease begin worsen, and a large percentage of calcium has been lost, the vertebrae in the spine start to collapses, gradually causing a stooped posture.
Who gets Osteoporosis?
Menopausal women and aging men suffer the most. Women are four times more likely to develop Osteoporosis then men.
Among men, it is estimated that one in every eight men over 50, will have an Osteoporosis-related fracture.
The problem may be precipitated by the low intake of calcium in the diet, poor nutrition, hormonal imbalance, or poor reproductive health. The bones become fragile and week to the extent that a minor movement can result in a fracture.
Why does Osteoporosis occur?
Osteoporosis occurs due to the persistent loss of calcium and phosphates from bone mass. These minerals impart hardness to bones; when they lessen with age, the bones become brittle.
What are the treatment options available for Osteoporosis?
Current treatment option may not eliminate Osteoporosis completely, but can slow down the loss of bone and rebuild some bone. Calcium, vitamin D supplements, appropriate, exercise and certain medications are important for maintaining bone health.